The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first new major international institution of the 21st Century. It holds individuals accountable for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. It was formed as a universal response to past and present atrocities. Its creation is the culmination of fifty years of international efforts through the United Nations to create a permanent international judicial institution to try heinous crimes that are condemned by all governments, religions, cultures and peoples.
AMICC is a coalition of non-governmental organizations committed to achieving through education, information, promotion and an aroused public opinion full United States support for the International Criminal Court and the earliest possible US ratification of the Court's Rome Statute. AMICC members believe that strong participation by the US in the ICC is essential to the future of the Court as an effective institution. They take pride in the historic role of the US in promoting the development of international criminal law. They emphasize that the ICC expresses and implements values traditionally championed by the United States, including international justice and the rule of law.Defendants at Nuremberg.
The United States was a major pioneer of international courts from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and in negotiations for the ICC made significant contributions to its founding documents. However, under President George W. Bush the US government actively opposed the Court.
Countries worldwide, including the closest friends of the United States, are overwhelmingly committed to the Court as a historic achievement in the long struggle against impunity for atrocities. As a result, the Rome Statute for the ICC came into force on July 1, 2002, less than four years after its adoption. It has now been ratified by over 122 countries. The United States, under President Obama, now promotes its interests by participating in the work of the Assembly of States Parties as the Court's representative body, and cooperates with the ICC. A strong and sustained US relationship with the Court will be essential to achieving the understanding and familiarity which earliest possible American ratification of the Statute requires. AMICC has been convened to ensure support for that relationship with the Court by the American people and the US government's commitment to it.
AMICC has received funding from both institutional and individual grantors, including:
AMICC is a program of the Columbia University Institute for the Study of Human Rights through which it enjoys 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status.
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