American Non-Governmental Organizations Coalition for the International Criminal Court
Advocating for full US support of the ICC.
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AMICC announces the publication of a book on the creation of the ICC co-authored by its convener.

Read more about the debate in the US about the ICC.

New Materials

Read AMICC's new material on the usage of the Rome Statute by U.S. federal judges in U.S. case law, including an analysis on the subject.

Read AMICC's new advocacy document: A Case for Conservatives

Latest Analysis

U.S. House of Representatives Resolution in Response to Palestinian Membership to the ICC

On April 16th, 2015, H.Res. 209 was introduced in the House of Representatives. This resolution condemns the Palestinian Authority for joining the International Criminal Court and for undertaking legal action through the Court against Israel. The main rationale is that Palestine's actions go against the official policy of the United States government, which is that the Israel-Palestinian conflict be resolved through direct negotiations between the two parties. The resolution claims that Palestine is using the Court to put political pressure on Israel, while eroding its ability to defend itself against terrorism.

Most of the resolution's sponsors have never publically confirmed their positions on the Court. This paper reviews their political and legislative histories in an attempt to determine whether their intent in supporting H. Res. 209 is simply to support Israel or to express their attitudes about the Court. The sponsors discussed here include the main sponsor and the co-sponsors of the resolution as of May 15th, 2015.

Read more here.

Preliminary Examination in Afghanistan

Largely in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, an international coalition led by the United States launched attacks on Afghanistan suspecting the then-government of harboring those responsible for the attacks. The former Afghan government, the Taliban, was consequently ousted. Since 2001, there has been an ongoing struggle between a number of forces within Afghanistan even after a new transitional government gained sovereignty in 2002. These forces include anti-government forces (the ousted Taliban, Haqqani network and Hezboe-Islami Gudbuddin), and pro-government forces (NATO forces, with a sizable number of US troops). Over the course of the past 14 years, there have been reports of acts that may be deemed war crimes or crimes against humanity as defined under the Rome Statute, allegedly carried out by several forces involved in the conflict.

Read more here.

U.S. Drone Policy and the International Criminal Court

This paper analyzes the issue of whether U.S. drone strikes could constitute crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The military and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) heavily rely on the practice of targeted killing in the fight against terrorism. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVS), commonly known as drones, are the method of choice for carrying out this practice. The most controversial aspects of the drone program include attacks that result in civilian deaths. As the practice continues, our opponents are likely to claim this as a reason for the U.S. to stay away from the Court, fearing that the Court could bring charges against American leaders. The talking points below offer a way to respond to their claims.

Read more here.

The Challenges of the Kenyan Cases at the International Criminal Court

Benjamin Netanyahu, Barak Obama and Mahmoud Abbas Left to right: William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey, and Joshua Arap Sang at the International Criminal Court.

The Kenyan cases continue to confront the International Criminal Court with complex challenges and provoke questions about the legitimacy of the Court, especially among African states. In a time of heavy critique and a threatening loss of support from African states, the outcomes of the remaining Kenyan cases are essential for international perceptions of the Court. Consequently, these outcomes will also affect U.S. opinion about and support for the Court. AMICC's paper clarifies why these cases are crucial for the perceived legitimacy of the Court and the support it receives from states. It will thereby examine the development of the Kenyan cases, their current status and how we can expect them to develop in the future.

Read more here. A brief outline of the challenges can be found here.

The Role of the International Criminal Court in Promoting Accountability in Colombia

Since 1964 Colombia has been embroiled in a violent internal conflict resulting in more than 250,000 deaths and over five million displaced persons across the country. Money from drug cartels has sustained the paramilitary groups opposing the government. As a result, the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) has been closely monitoring the situation in Colombia. The International Criminal Court's involvement in Colombia has been criticized for a number of reasons. AMICC's paper discusses the different charges that arise from the Court's investigations in Colombia and possible answers to these charges.

Read more here.

Current Issues and Updates

Latest News

  • Crime of Aggression: U.S. Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Sarah Sewall, speaks on the polcy implications of the Rome Statute amendments on the crime of aggression.
  • Final Convictions: Both the Katanga and Lubanga cases at the ICC are complete.
  • Kenya: New appeals, a postponed trial date and the intimidation of witnesses in the Kenya cases.
  • Palestine: The OTP has initiated a preliminary examination into the situation in Palestine. Read further on the differences between Palestine's 2009 and 2015 declarations here.
  • Ukraine: Ukraine seeks jurisdiction of the ICC through a declaration accepting the Court's jurisdiction over crimes committed on Ukrainian territory from 21 November 2013 to 22 February 2014. Ratification of the Rome Statute by Ukraine is likely to follow soon.
  • Reparations for Victims: On 3 March 2015, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court issued its judgment on the appeals against the Trial Chamber's 2012 decision establishing principles that are to be applied to reparations for victims in the case against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo.

Latest Publications

  • Negotiating the International Criminal Court, New York to Rome, 1994-1998: Fanny Benedetti, Karine Bonneau, and John Washburn, Martinus Lijhoff, 2013.

    The story of the United Nations negotiations which produced, against all odds and expectations, the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. It offers drama, suspense, clashes of powers and personalities, the new influence of civil society and a sudden leap into the future for international law.

  • Rough Justice: The International Criminal Court in a World of Power Politics: David Bosco, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Rough Justice grapples with the Court's basic dilemma: designed to be apolitical, it requires the support of politicians who pursue national interests and answer to domestic audiences. Through a sharp analysis of the dynamics at work behind the scenes, Bosco assesses the ways in which powerful states have shaped the Court's effort to transform the vision of international justice into reality. This will be the definitive account of the Court and its uneven progress toward advancing accountability around the world.